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  You are in: Home > Middle East Studies > The Middle East Strategic Balance 2004–2005  

The Middle East Strategic Balance 2004–2005

Edited by Zvi Shtauber and Yiftah S. Shapir

Dr Shtauber was appointed Head of the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies in February 2005, following a long career in the Israel Defense Forces. He has served as the assistant defense attaché in the Israeli embassy in Washington, was vice president of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev., and in 2001 was appointed Israeli ambassador to the Court of St. James (UK).


The Middle East Strategic Balance is prepared annually by the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University, to provide an authoritative and indispensable guide to strategic developments and military capabilities in the Middle East. MESB offers a comprehensive insightful assessment of the complex Middle East strategic environment. Governments and the media pay close attention to the data and analysis, and the work is quoted extensively.

Based on unique sources and professional assessment the 2004–2005 Strategic Balance presents the most accurate and comprehensive military posture of the countries in the Middle East. Up-to-date figures and information on defense budgets, procurement, equipment holdings, military deployments, WMD listings, and foreign aid; and key components of military force structures such as major changes to the orders of battle, and a survey of personnel, weapons and equipment holdings, non-conventional capabilities and ballistic missiles, are presented in accessible and easy to use formats.

Published in association with the Institute for National Strategic Studies


PART I Middle East Strategic Assessment
The Middle East: Still on the Brink of a New Era / Mark A. Heller
External Penetration and Pressure for Change
Regional Ramifications
Future Directions

The Ongoing Iraqi Crisis / Ephraim Kam
The Role of the United States
Economic Rehabilitation
The Security Situation
Building the Regime and the State: Future Challenges

Israel and the Palestinians: A New Reality under the Shadow of Ongoing Conflict / Shlomo Brom
The Decline of the Armed Intifada
Separation and Disengagement
The Post-Arafat Era
Third Parties and their Influence on Israeli-Palestinian Relations

Approaching a Nuclear Iran: The Challenge for Arms Control / Emily B. Landau
Confronting Iran: The Arms Control Dimension
The Diplomatic Route: The EU-3 and the US
Deterrence: A Basis for New Rules of the Game?
The Possibility of Stable Deterrence

International Terror, with Iraq at its Hub / Yoram Schweitzer
The Iraqi Arena
Terrorism outside Iraq
The Ongoing War on Terror

Rising Oil Prices and the Middle East Economy / Paul Rivlin
The Rise in Oil Prices
Higher Oil Revenues
Higher Oil Prices and State Economies
The Strategic Dimensions of High Oil Prices

Chronology of Major Events, July 2004–June 2005

PART II Military Forces

Introductory Note 103
Review of Armed Forces
1. Algeria
2. Bahrain
3. Egypt
4. Iran
5. Iraq
6. Israel
7. Jordan
8. Kuwait
9. Lebanon
10. Libya
11. Morocco
12. Oman
13. Palestinian Authority
14. Qatar
15. Saudi Arabia
16. Sudan
17. Syria
18. Tunisia
19. Turkey
20. United Arab Emirates
21. Yemen

The Middle East Military Balance at a Glance
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Space Assets

The Eastern Mediterranean Military Forces
The Persian Gulf Military Forces
The North African Military Forces


Middle East Strategic Balance is a ‘must read’ for any scholar interested in an assessment of the distribution of military power in the Middle East.” Dr Geoffrey Kemp, Nixon Center Washington

Middle East Strategic Balance offers readers a comprehensive, insightful assessment of the complex and dynamic Middle East strategic environment.” Ambassador Samuel Lewis

“The Jaffee Center’s Middle East Strategic Balance is an indispensable resource for all who deal with the Middle East or with its role in global politics.” Professor Graham Alison, Director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University

“ An informative collection of articles and military data authored and collected by experts at the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies (JCSS). This book is rich with useful data, demonstrates the security of Israel, and the close coordination of U.S. and Israeli strategic policies.” American Reference Books Annual 39th Volume 2008


Publication Details

Hardback ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:
Page Extent / Format:
296 pp. / 246 x 171 mm
Release Date:
October 2005
  Illustrated:   No
Hardback Price:
£55.00 / $67.50
Paperback Price:
£25.00 / $37.50

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