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  You are in: Home > Middle East Studies > Modern Syria  

Modern Syria
From Ottoman Rule to Pivotal Role in the Middle East

Edited by Moshe Ma’oz, Joseph Ginat and Onn Winckler

Moshe Ma’oz is Professor Emeritus of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies at The Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He has recently been a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University. Professor Ma’oz has published many books and articles on the political and social history of the Middle East. Joseph Ginat, a cultural-political anthropologist, was Vice President of International Relations and Research at Netanya Academic College. He was the author of Blood Revenge: Family Honor, Mediation, and Outcasting, and editor of Sussex Studies in Peace Politics in the Middle East, as well as numerous contributions to social anthropology in the field of Mormon studies, and Arab culture. Onn Winckler is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Middle Eastern History and the Head of the Multi-Disciplinary Studies at the University of Haifa. He is the author of Demographic Developments and Population Policies in Ba’thist Syria, and co-editor of Modern Syria, as well as the author of a book on Jordanian demographic developments


Syria has long considered itself at the center of Arab nationalism and the struggle against Zionism. However, its grand ideological and strategic goal to achieve all-Arab unity has met obstacles in the form of political and economic conflicts between the two Ba’athist pan-Arab regimes in Damascus and Baghdad, as well as military defeat in both pan-Arab wars of 1948 and 1967. Issues such as Islamic opposition to the Ba’ath, the loss of Soviet support, Israeli military superiority, the alliance with Iran, the breaking of security protocols with Turkey, redeployment of Syrian troops out of Lebanon, and achieving the return of the Golan Heights, impact on Syria’s ability to balance domestic advances for its people with its more international aspirations.

List of Abbreviations

1 Introduction: The Emergence of Modern Syria
Moshe Ma‘oz, Joseph Ginat, and Onn Winckler

Part I The Political System under Asad
2 In Search of Legitimacy: Asad’s Islamic Image in the Syrian Official Press
Mordechai Kedar

3 Syria: The Renewed Struggle for Power
Eyal Zisser

Part II Economic Developments and Structural Changes
4 History and Political Culture in Syria: Obstacles to Integration in the Global Economy After the Gulf War
David W. Lesch

5 Syria: Economic Development, Achievements, Problems and Prospects
Moshe Efrat

6 The Syrian Road to the Middle East Peace Process: The Socioeconomic Perspective
Onn Winckler

Part III Socio-Demographic Aspects
7 The Question of Citizenship of the Algerian Immigrants in Syria, 1847–1900
S Tufan Buzpnar

8 European Foreigners in Damascus and Aleppo During the Late Ottoman Period
Yoram Shalit

9 Betwixt and Between: The Arab Al-‘Aramshah Tribe of Southern Lebanon
Joseph Ginat

Part IV Regional Relations
10 The Franco-Syrian Treaty Negotiations and the Question of Lebanon, 1936–1939
Meir Zamir

11 Syrian–Iraqi Relations: Iraq as a Factor in the Syrian Foreign Policy
Michael Eppel

12 Turkish–Syrian Relations: An Update
David Kushner

Part V Strategy toward Israel
13 Syria’s Struggle over Water with Israel, 1959–1967
Moshe Shemesh

14 Changes in Syria’s Regional Strategic Position vis-à-vis Israel
Moshe Ma‘oz

15 Asad’s Art of the Double Game
Daniel Pipes

The Contributors

“A superb narrative and analysis.” Choice

“Research of the highest quality.” Digest of Middle East Studies


Publication Details

Hardback ISBN:
Page Extent / Format:
296 pp. / 234 x 156 mm
Release Date:
October 1999
  Illustrated:   No
Hardback Price:
£45.00 / $65.00

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