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  You are in: Home > History >The Politics of Representation  


The Politics of Representation
Elections and Parliamentarism in Portugal and Spain, 1875–1926

In the Series
The Portuguese-Speaking World: Its History, Politics and Culture

Edited by Pedro Tavares de Almeida & Javier Moreno Luzón

Pedro Tavares de Almeida is Professor of Politics, NOVA University of Lisbon.
Javier Moreno Luzón is Professor of Modern History, Complutense University of Madrid.


“This excellent volume, by leading authorities in the field, is a welcome addition to the steadily growing interest in the history of elections and parliaments in the Iberian world.” Professor Eduardo Posada-Carbó, Oxford University

“The book opens a window onto political life that transforms our understanding of the emergence of modern politics in the southern edge of Europe.” Professor Daniel Ziblatt, Harvard University

“An excellent, professional account of elections and parliaments in Spain and Portugal before democracy.” Professor José Varela Ortega, Chairman of José Ortega y Gasset-Gregorio Marañón Foundation

Electoral and parliamentary arenas play a crucial role in the configuration and dynamics of modern polities. This book explores the practices of citizenship and unveils the fabric of representation in the Iberian countries, during a significant period of liberal politics, that is, from its apogee to its collapse (from the 1870s to the 1920s).

Part One examines the evolution of electoral norms and behaviour, as well as the recruitment profile of MPs. Portugal and Spain share fundamental features, such as the extensive clientelistic mobilisation of voters, the dissemination of fraud and corruption, the supremacy of governmental parties and the prevalence of the “politics of notables”.

Part Two focuses on Parliament, questioning constitutional models, internal procedures, legislative action and political activity, as well as coetaneous perceptions and images of the institution and its actors as portrayed in novels, newspaper chronicles, cartoons and photographic reports.

This collection of essays offers a detailed and cogent analysis, as well as a vivid picture, of the politics of representation in Portuguese and Spanish liberalism, revealing significant similarities and differences through cross-country comparisons.


Pedro Tavares de Almeida & Javier Moreno Luzón

Part One
Chapter 1 – Elections and parliamentary recruitment in Portugal
Pedro Tavares de Almeida

Chapter 2 – Elections in Spain
Carlos Dardé

Chapter 3 – Prosopography of the Spanish Deputies
María Antónia Peña and María Sierra

Part Two
Chapter 4 – The political role and functioning of the Portuguese Parliament
Paulo Jorge Fernandes

Chapter 5 – The parliamentary model of the First Portuguese Republic: Legacies and discontinuities
Fernando Catroga

Chapter 6 – Legislation, accountability and consensus in the Spanish Parliament
Miguel Martorell Linares

Chapter 7 – The images of Parliament in Portugal: Literature, iconography and politics
Paulo Silveira e Sousa and Maria Manuela Tavares Ribeiro

Chapter 8 – Literary and cartoon representations of Spanish parliamentarism
Javier Moreno Luzón

The Editors and Contributors
Index of Names


Reviews (extracts) of the Spanish and Portuguese editions

“A work of easy reading [...] which is of great interest because, throughout the various chapters, which are distributed very evenly among the authors, it can be stated that the monograph clearly illustrates the similarities and differences between the Portuguese and Spanish experiences.”
Anuario de Historia del Derecho Español, Vol. 86, 2016

“In addition to being of the highest academic quality, each essay in the book boasts its own historiographical originality. Therein lies another one of the work’s strong points: the various essays demonstrate a level of overall cohesion that allows the reader to delve into the political history of these two nations through different approaches and research methodologies. To that end, several of the essays make a laudable attempt to conduct a true comparative study of the two institutional histories, in a way that is meticulously and expertly carried out: indeed, the book does not limit itself to assembling a series of studies that focus on each country in isolation.”
Parliaments, Estates & Representation, Vol. 36 (No.1), 2016

"In short, this is a suggestive monograph, which consolidates the path of comparative studies. [...] And it has the merit of having been written by authors who know how to mine that seam and achieve that most difficult of tasks: a certain community of interests and an important methodological cohesion.”
Historia Constitucional, Vol. 16, 2015.

“Undoubtedly, a model for future historiographical projects.”
Historia, June 2015

“A work of great significance, indispensable for informed reflection on the pluralistic political systems in the period covered.”
Jornal de Letras, April 2013


Publication Details

Hardback ISBN:
Page Extent / Format:
272 pp. / 229 x 152 mm
Release Date:
November 2017
  Illustrated:   No
Hardback Price:
£65.00 / $74.95

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