Excellence in Scholarship and Learning



History, Belief, and Community in Modern Pagan Witchcraft

Ethan Doyle White is an established Pagan studies scholar and trained archaeologist currently engaged in an interdisciplinary MPhil/PhD project in Early Medieval Studies at University College London (UCL).

The past century has born witness to a growing interest in the belief systems of ancient Europe, with an array of contemporary Pagan groups claiming to revive these old ways for the needs of the modern world. By far the largest and best known of these Paganisms has been Wicca, a new religious movement that can now count hundreds of thousands of adherents worldwide. Emerging from the occult milieu of mid twentieth-century Britain, Wicca was first presented as the survival of an ancient pre-Christian Witch-Cult, whose participants assembled in covens to venerate their Horned God and Mother Goddess, to celebrate seasonal festivities, and to cast spells by the light of the full moon. Spreading to North America, where it diversified under the impact of environmentalism, feminism, and the 1960s counter-culture, Wicca came to be presented as a Goddess-centred nature religion, in which form it was popularised by a number of best-selling authors and fictional television shows. Today, Wicca is a maturing religious movement replete with its own distinct world-view, unique culture, and internal divisions.

This book represents the first published academic introduction to be exclusively devoted to this fascinating faith, exploring how this Witches’ Craft developed, what its participants believe and practice, and what the Wiccan community actually looks like. In doing so it sweeps away widely-held misconceptions and offers a comprehensive overview of this religion in all of its varied forms. Drawing upon the work of historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and scholars of religious studies, as well as the writings of Wiccans themselves, it provides an original synthesis that will be invaluable for anyone seeking to learn about the blossoming religion of modern Pagan Witchcraft.

Hardback ISBN: 978-1-84519-754-4
Hardback Price: £65.00 / $74.95
Release Date: November 2015
Paperback ISBN: 978-1-84519-755-1
Paperback Price: £25.00 / $34.95
Release Date: November 2015
Page Extent / Format: 272 pp. / 229 x 152 mm
Illustrated: No


1. Introduction: The Craft of the Pagan Witches

Part One: Wiccan History
2. Origins and Inspiration
3. Gerald Gardner
4. Gardner's Rivals
5. Wicca in the USA
6. Feminism, Gay Lib, and the Eco-Warriors
7. The Charmed Generation

Part Two: Belief and Praxes
8. Wicca as Witchcraft
9. Wiccan Theology
10. The Coven and the Solitary
11. Magic and Morality
12. Wiccan Ritual
13. The Wheel of the Year
14. Birth, Death, and Afterlife

Part Three: Wiccan Life
15. Converting to the Craft
16. The Wiccan Community
17. Wiccan Culture
18. The Study of Wicca


Ethan Doyle White’s book combines a sweeping trans-Atlantic survey of contemporary Pagan Witchcraft's origins and spread. With ample attention to both theology and praxis, he has produced an important resource for future scholars of the first world religion that began in England.
Chas S. Clifton, editor of The Pomegranate: The International Journal of Pagan Studies

An established pagan studies scholar and trained archaeologist, White has written a comprehensive, balanced primer for those interested in Wicca and other modern pagan religions. The author details Wicca’s history, core beliefs, and contemporary culture in a clear, concise manner that allows one to read the work from cover to cover or dip into it selectively. White details Wicca’s rise to prominence in the pagan community and its development as a modern worldwide religion through an understanding of its origin and adaptation from England to the US and beyond. Of interest to students of religion, anthropology, sociology, and modern witchcraft, this volume should inspire discussion of, and further research on, Wicca and pagan religions in general. Recommended.
Reviewed in Choice by A. E. Leykam, College of Staten Island (CUNY)

Although popular books that present the contemporary Pagan religion of Wicca from the perspective of a practitioner are easy to find, lengthy and serious introductions to the religion are rare. Rarer still are those that attempt to cover the broad range of beliefs and practices of Wiccans. Ethan Doyle White’s book, Wicca, is unique in that it does all of this, as well as cover the young religion’s history, demographics and culture. To its credit, this is a scholarly book that is highly readable.
Wendy Griffin, California State University, in Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions

The volume will be valuable to readers, including non-academic readers, wanting a primer on modern Pagan Witchcraft not written by a religious insider. Scholars embarking on research in this area will find it a very helpful overview of the field. Established scholars of Witchcraft and Pagan Studies may learn something new about an aspect of the subject which is not their own expertise. There is no doubt that this volume demystifies Wicca.
Kathryn Rountree, Massey University, in Journal of Contemporary Religion

For anyone looking for a scholarly overview of one of the major Pagan religions, this is where to start.
David V. Barrett, in Fortean Times

White, an archaeologist and scholar of contemporary Pagan studies, introduces the history, beliefs, and culture of Wicca, emphasizing the diversity within the religion. He describes its origins and sociocultural context; the role of the “Father of Wicca,” Gerald Gardner, and his disciples and rivals in Britain; the adoption of the craft in the US, the growth in the trend of self-initiation, and the intersection with the gay and women's liberation movements; and developments in recent decades, such as Wicca's influence on shows like Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Charmed and on the growth of the Teen Witch movement. The second section addresses how Wiccans relate to the idea of witchcraft and their connections to the history of witchcraft and pre-Christian past, including the place of covens and solitary practitioners within the religion, the belief in magic and moral codes used to determine how it should be used, and the use of ritual and ceremony, seasonal-based festivals, and rites of passage, ending with a section on Wiccan life, covering how and why people convert to Wicca; its denominations; its sociological demographics; its political beliefs, particularly in terms of environmentalist issues; the impact of anti-Wiccan persecution; the transmission of Wiccan and Pagan culture; and the history of academic analysis of Wicca.

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