Preface, Nigel Townson
Introduction, Manuel Álvarez Tardío and Fernando del Rey Reguillo
Stanley G. Payne, A Critical Overview of the Second
Luis Arranz Notario, Could the Second Republic have
become a Democracy?
José Manuel Macarro Vera, The Socialists and Revolution.
Manuel Álvarez Tardío, The CEDA: Threat or Opportunity?
Gabriele Ranzato, The Republican Left and the Defence
of Democracy, 1934–1936
Nigel Townson, A Third Way? Centrist Politics under
Roberto Villa García, The Limits of Democratization:
Elections and Political Culture.
José Antonio Parejo Fernández, The Mutation of Falangism,
Tim Rees, Revolution or Republic? The Spanish Communist
Fernando del Rey Reguillo, Policies of Exclusion
during the Second Republic: a View from the Grass Roots.
Julius Ruiz, Old Wine in New Bottles: The Historiography
of Repression in Spain During and After the Spanish Civil
Gerald Blaney, New Perspectives on the Civil Guard
and the Second Republic, 1931–1936.
Javier Zamora, Intellectuals and the Republic.
) Pedro Carlos González Cuevas, On the Irrelevance
of Fascism in Spain.
“The raison d’être behind The Spanish Second Republic Revisited
is not to defend a particular ideological or political standpoint
but to elucidate and explain this dynamic, agitated period in
Spanish history in all its complexity. Certainly, this does
not mean that the authors of this volume share a common vision
of the Second Republic, but it does signal their collective
intent to escape the ideological certainties that have conditioned
so much of the work on the regime.” Nigel Townson, General
Series Editor of Sussex Studies in Spanish History
“The winners of great struggles often write histories of
their triumphs, and this was true in Spain during the decades
of the Franco regime of works about the Republic and Civil War,
1931–39. Today, few would lend credence to much of the
history that was published under this regime’s auspices. But
the losers – democrats, socialists, and anarchists, among others
on the Left – won admirers who, during the same decades, also
wrote histories that admired the losers and were starkly partisan.
Hence, an unchanging stalemate in historical interpretation
persisted: for the Francoists, their cause was nation and church
against communism, among other evils; for others, the events
pitted a democratic people against fascism. Over the past three
decades, however, new critical historians have found their voice
in Spain and elsewhere. This important volume, devoted to key
movements and moments in the Republic, is a collection of 15
articles by such historians, most of whom are Spanish. Their
work is both powerful and provocative, and will invite both
severe criticism and thoughtful engagement. For example, one
historian observes that leftist socialists “were embarked on
a trail of absurdities…” and ultimately were “irresponsible.”
Summing up: Essential.” Choice
“The present volume is a welcome addition
to Nigel Townson’s Sussex Studies in Spanish History which
continues to offer to English-language readers significant
studies of twentieth-century Spain. Like all good histories,
this collection of fourteen essays by mostly Spanish scholars
debunks myths, i.e. “an idyllic vision of the Republic and
a Manichean version of its collapse” (p. 4).
… Given its goal of “de-sacralization,” it is fitting that Stanley Payne provides
“A Critical Overview” of the Republic. His essay is remarkable for its ability
to place the Second Republic into the context of interwar European politics and
to compare it – rather unfavourably – to the more democratic Weimar Republic
which “maintained equal constitutional rights for all sectors of politics and
society” (p. 11). Payne makes the stimulating case that the final phase of the
Spanish Republic should be compared not to Weimar of 1933 but rather of 1923
“amid … political crisis, hyperinflation, social collapse, political extremism,
and, finally, insurrections from left and right” (p. 15). …
…The inclusion [in this volume] of
more social/economic context might lead to a greater understanding
of both the left’s revolutionary desires and the right’s
fear of the same. Nevertheless, this coherent collection
accomplishes its main goal of offering to scholars the most
innovative scholarship on the Second Republic. All students
of Spanish history will profit greatly from consulting it.”
Michael Seidman, University of North Carolina, Wilmington,
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies